Cholesterol – HDL & LDL

Cholesterol refers to the waxy substance which is naturally produced by the liver. Body itself controls the level of cholesterol production. It is one of the major elements to influence several factors in human body. Such as-

  1. Produce Vitamin-D
  2. Produce Hormones
  3. Produce cell membrane
  4. Protect nerves
  5. Produce cell tissue
  6. Determine how cell works

Although cholesterol is maintained by body instinct but it also can be gained by eating some particular type of foods. These are likely Saturated fat, Trans fat and edible oil. Consuming enough of these foods can lead the way to gain some extra cholesterol in blood stream. This is very dangerous.

But if we consume those foods in controlled amount, then the body will necessarily maintain the level of cholesterol by itself. Sometimes it’s found that the people having cholesterol higher than the standard level. This can awfully increase the risk of affected by cardiovascular diseases in the long run.

How to check Cholesterol level?

It’s recommended by the health professionals to check up the cholesterol level once in every five years after crossing the age 20. The possibilities of increased cholesterol are very high among the man aging 35 or more and the women aging 40 or more. That is why after crossing those ages; a person has to screen his/her cholesterol level frequently. Now you might have a question how to screen the cholesterol level?

Well, the screening process is not very tough and complex. Simply it is performed by testing the Lipid profile of blood sample. By performing this screening four major things can be found in return. These are-

  1. LDL (low density lipoprotein)
  2. HDL ( high density lipoprotein)
  3. Triglycerides (fat carried through blood)
  4. Total cholesterol

HDL & LDL cholesterol(Good Vs Bad cholesterol)

There are some common misconceptions about the term good and bad cholesterol. Although many of us believe that all type of cholesterol is bad for the body unlike the fats. But, in reality it’s not true at all. I am going to explain the catch to make it clear for you.

Before going to the deeper description there are few things you should know at the initial level. First thing is cholesterol is not completely soluble in water.

So, you might have a question how cholesterol is transported through the blood, while blood contains 92% of water of total volume.

The answer is very easy and simple. Lipid protein is the medium by which cholesterol being carried out through the blood.

LDL (Low density lipoprotein) is termed as bad cholesterol

LDL is often termed as bad cholesterol, as it doesn’t necessarily help the transportation process to bring the excess cholesterol out from the body. Moreover, it tends to accumulate or deposit in the artery which lead the way to cardio vascular disease. Higher number of LDL indicates the bigger risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Here is a chart of LDL being created to help you understand the standard level and its rating.

 LDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)

<100 

Optimal

100-129 

 Near Optimal

130-159 

 Borderline High

160-189 

 High

> 190 

 Very High

HDL (High density lipoprotein) is termed as good cholesterol

HDL cholesterol is often termed as good cholesterol, as it necessarily helps the process of transportation to bring the cholesterol out of the body. This function necessitates the involvement of liver. It even helps to wash away deposited LDL out of the body.

HDL tends to keep the artery clean and clear for proper blood circulation. Higher number of HDL indicates the lower risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Here I have attached a chart of HDL for your better understaniding.

    HDL Cholesterol (mg/dl)

<40 

 Low (undesirable)

>60 

 High (desirable)

Last update: October 04, 2016 03:59:48 pm

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