Food-based dietary guidelines provide advice on how much of what to eat or not to eat or limit. Based on research and scientific evidence, guideline offers detailed advice on how to maintain health and wellbeing. Countries around the world are developing food-based dietary guideline for their people. The latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans was published in January 2016.
The United States published the 8th edition of its Dietary Guidelines for Americans in January 2016. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issue Dietary Guidelines for Americans every 5 years. Groups of experts in the field of nutrition and health science, from HHS and USDA produce the Dietary guidelines for Americans. The Dietary Guidelines is meant to facilitate health professionals, nutrition educators, policymakers in developing education messages, consumer materials and nutrition policies for public and people with specific need such as children.
Dietary guidelines for Americans (2015-2020) provided five guidelines to promote healthy eating pattern
Healthy Eating Pattern
Food and beverages choices have to be in line with appropriate calorie level, achievement as well as maintenance of healthy body weight, nutritional adequacy and reduction of likelihoods for chronic diseases.
Amount, Variety and Nutrient Density
Choosing diverse nutrient-dense food to meet nutritional needs in relation to recommended amount of food and calorie limit.
Limiting Consumption of Saturated Fats, Added Sugars and Sodium
Developing an eating pattern that lowers consumption sodium, saturated fats and added sugars significantly. Lowering consumption of food and drinks that are higher in such component, as much as is consistent with healthy eating pattern.
Healthy Food and Beverages
Replacing unhealthy or less healthy choices for nutrient-dense foods and beverages within and across diverse food groups. Considering personal and cultural preferences to make it easy to achieve and maintain such shifts in food choices.
Promoting Healthy Eating
Creating and supporting healthy eating patterns, have to involve everyone everywhere, at home, school, communities and work.
Besides, the latest Dietary Guidelines offers important suggestions for individuals on how to follow the five guidelines. Recommendations for healthy eating pattern has to be applied comprehensively due to dietary component’s interconnected relationship.
It is important to develop healthy eating pattern that include various foods and beverages within recommended calorie limit.
Suggestions for Healthy Eating Pattern
- Various types of vegetables including sub-groups such as red, dark green, orange, legumes, and other types.
- Grains, preferably whole grains amounting over half.
- Low-fat or fat-free dairy products including cheese, yogurt, milk and fortified soy beverages.
- Diverse protein foods including poultry, lean meats, seafood, eggs, legumes, nuts, soy products and seeds
Limits of Healthy Eating Pattern
Sodium, added sugars, trans fats and saturated fats are of public health concern in the U.S. Quantitative limits have been specified for these components of food to help develop healthy eating pattern.
- Consumption of added sugars has to be less than 10 percent of calorie intake per day.
- Consumption of saturated fats has to be less than 10 percent of calorie intake per day.
- Consumption of sodium has to be less than 2,300 milligrams (mg).
There is limit on alcohol consumption. For women, it is no more than one drink per day and for men, it is no more than two drinks per day. Drink is allowed only for adults of age that can drink legally.
In relation to recommendations above, there is also Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans of all ages to follow to stay healthy and lessen risks of chronic disease.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020), offers information about key recommendations comprehensively that can help promote healthy eating and physical activities for all Americans.
Last update: June 12, 2017 04:04:42 pm